New Climate Change Act sent out for comments
The Ministry of the Environment sent the proposal for the new Climate Change Act out for comments on 2 July. The aim of the reform is to make sure that Finland will achieve climate neutrality by 2035, in line with the target set in the Programme of Prime Minister Sanna Marin’s Government. The deadline for comments is 6 September.
The plans under the Climate Change Act will guide Finland’s national climate policy. The plans will help to make sure that the national targets for climate change mitigation and adaptation will be achieved.
According to the proposal, the target of a carbon-neutral Finland by 2035 would be included in the Act. Emission reduction targets that follow the recommendations of the Finnish Climate Change Panel would also be included in the Act: 60% emission reduction target by 2030 and 80% target by 2040 compared to the emission levels in 1990. The target by 2050 included in the Climate Change Act currently in force would be updated so that the emission reduction target would be set at 90% from the level in 1990, but the aim would be to reduce emissions by 95%.
“The reform of the Climate Change Act guarantees that Finland will take decisive action to halt the climate crisis, and will do its part to reach the targets set in the Paris Agreement. The target to achieve climate neutrality by 2035 will be included in the Act, which confirms it as the target for the whole country. As recommended by the Finnish Climate Change Panel, scientific facts have been taken into account in setting the targets. By 2030 we aim to reduce emissions by 60%”, Minister of the Environment and Climate Change Krista Mikkonen says.
The land use sector has an important role, both as the cause of emissions and in their mitigation. A key reform in the planning system would be to include the land use sector in the Climate Change Act. The plan for the land use sector would thus be one of the plans set out in the Climate Change Act.
New target to protect the rights of Sámi people
During the process to reform the Climate Change Act broad consultations have been organised to hear the views of the citizens and other stakeholders. A special focus has been on the Sámi people and children and young people, who will be particularly affected by climate change.
A new target for the Act would be to contribute to ensuring the conditions for the Sámi people to maintain and develop their own language and culture. A new Sámi Climate Council would be set up as an independent expert body that would strengthen the knowledge base and identify key matters with respect to promoting the Sámi culture in the preparation of the plans.
The process to prepare the Act was supported by a working group composed by public officials from different ministries, appointed by the Ministry of the Environment. The term of the working group ended in March, after which the preparation continued at the Ministry of the Environment.
“The work done by the group provided a solid basis for the legislative drafting. The consultations had an important role in the process to prepare the new Climate Change Act. We are hoping that the citizens and other stakeholders will be eager to comment on the government proposal as well”, says Leena Ylä-Mononen, who chaired the working group.
Consultations with children and young people were held on a regular basis during the process. This summer comments of 12 to 17 year olds will be collected in a project undertaken by the Youth Academy. Consultations with young people in different parts of Finland will be organised in connection with summer camps and in cooperation between education institutions.
Comments can be submitted until 6 September 2021 at the lausuntopalvelu.fi service.